Dalton, William Tinniswood

DALTON, William Tinniswood (1854-1931), a prolific architect active in Winnipeg and in Vancouver, was born in Nenthead, Cumberland, Engl. on 21 November 1854 and was educated at local schools in Brookfield. He went to London in 1871 and articled with James Cubitt, FRIBA (in 1871-75), then spent four years as assistant to H.J. Paull, another London architect. He emigrated to Canada in 1880 and settled in Winnipeg where he formed a short-lived partnership with Thomas Parr (see list of works under Parr & Dalton). From 1881 to 1883 he practised there during the building boom, then joined C.O. Wickenden as an assistant in his Winnipeg office. In 1886-87 he was draftsman with George C. Browne. When Wickenden moved to Vancouver in 1889 Dalton decided to join him on the West Coast, and collaborated with him on a number of projects before opening his own office in 1893. He became a successful designer of substantial commercial blocks (including the heavily rusticated Romanesque Revival design for the Mackinnon Building, (1897) and obtained several commissions for public schools in Vancouver and in the Lower Mainland region.

In 1902 he formed a partnership with Sydney M. Eveleigh, a draftsman who had been an assistant in his office since 1895. Together they received dozens of commissions for institutional, commercial and industrial projects in Vancouver, New Westminster and throughout the province. He was also an enthusiastic mountain climber and member of the Alpine Club of Canada. In 1894 he made the initial ascents of many mountains north of Burrard Inlet, and later joined his son to make the first ascent of Mount Garibaldi. Dalton retired in 1922 and died in Vancouver on 26 May 1931. Mount Tinniswood, located at the head of Jervis Inlet, was named in his honour (obituary in The Province [Vancouver], 28 May 1931, 15; The Star [Vancouver], 28 May 1931, 10; R.A.I.C. Journal, viii, July 1931, 286; biog. in Who's Who & Why in Canada, 1913, 181; D. Luxton, Building The West: The Early Architects of British Columbia, 2003, 172-7, 496-7; inf. Architectural Inst. of British Columbia; inf. Mrs. Phyllys D. Brown, Summerland, B.C.). A photographic portrait of Dalton was published in the Kootenay Mail [Revelstoke], 17 Dec. 1904, 33.

W.T. DALTON

(works in Winnipeg unless noted)

NORTH WARD SCHOOL, Euclid Street, 1881; major addition, 1883 (Manitoba Free Press [Winnipeg], 16 June 1881, 1, t.c.; 1 May 1883, 4, t.c.)
ALBERT STREET, commercial block, perhaps for C.H. Field, 1882 (Manitoba Free Press [Winnipeg], 8 March 1882, 1, t.c.)
KNOX CHURCH, Hargrave Street at Queen Street, a structure designed to be converted at a later date into a terrace of eight houses, 1882 (Manitoba Free Press [Winnipeg], 29 March 1882, 8, descrip.)
ARMSTRONG'S POINT, residence on Assiniboine Avenue for A.R. James Bannatyne, 1882 (Manitoba Free Press [Winnipeg], 19 April 1882, 8, t.c.)
DUFFERIN STREET PUBLIC SCHOOL, addition, 1882 (Manitoba Free Press [Winnipeg], 27 April 1882, 8, t.c.)
ARGYLE STREET PUBLIC SCHOOL, addition, 1882 (Manitoba Free Press [Winnipeg], 27 April 1882, 8, t.c.)
PUBLIC SCHOOL, at the Louise Bridge, 1882 (Manitoba Free Press [Winnipeg], 27 April 1882, 8, t.c.)
KENNEDY STREET, major addition to the residence of George McPhillips, 1882 (Manitoba Free Press [Winnipeg], 21 Sept. 1882, 8, t.c.)
KENNEDY STREET, two houses for residences for P. McPhillips and R.C. McPhillips, 1882 (Manitoba Free Press [Winnipeg], 14 Oct. 1882, 4, t.c.)
MINNEDOSA, MAN., public school, 1882-83 (Manitoba Free Press [Winnipeg], 12 Dec. 1882, 2, t.c.)
MARKET STREET, addition to residence and alterations to office for Robert Strang, 1883; demol. 1906 (Manitoba Free Press [Winnipeg], 10 March 1883, 7, t.c.)
McINTYRE BROS. BLOCK, McDermot Avenue near Main Street, 1883 (Manitoba Free Press [Winnipeg], 2 June 1883, 4, t.c.)

(works in Vancouver unless noted)

FAIRVIEW PUBLIC SCHOOL, 9th Avenue at Granville Street, 1895; addition, 1900 (C.R., vi, 23 May 1895, 2; xi, 4 July 1900, 2, t.c.; Province [Vancouver], 15 Nov. 1900, 2, descrip.; D. Franklin, Early School Architecture in British Columbia, 1980, 115-16, illus.)
RICHARDS BLOCK, Hastings Street, for S.O. Richards, 1896-97 (Vancouver Daily World, 24 July 1896, 8; 13 March 1897, 3)
MOUNT PLEASANT PUBLIC SCHOOL, 9th Avenue at Prince Edward Street, 1897 (Vancouver Daily World, 8 Nov. 1897, 3)
MacKINNON BLOCK, Granville Street at West Hastings Street, for J.M. MacKinnon, 1897; demol. 1959 (C.R., viii, 22 April 1897, 3; Vancouver Daily World, 4 Dec. 1897, 2, descrip.; 26 March 1898, 7, illus. & descrip.)
WEST HASTINGS STREET, at Abbott Street, a theatre, 1897 (C.R., viii, 22 April 1897, 2)
JERVIS STREET, at West Georgia Street, residence for Harry Abbott, 1898 (Vancouver Daily World, 26 March 1898, 2)
RICHARDS STREET, near Cambie Street, residence for Capt. Henry Pybus, 1898 (Vancouver Daily World, 26 March 1898, 2)
DeBECK BLOCK, West Hastings Street near Homer Street, for George Ward DeBeck, 1898 (Vancouver Daily World, 10 June 1898, 6, t.c.; C.R., ix, 15 June 1898, 3, t.c.; Province [Vancouver], 6 Aug. 1898, 2; 11 Aug. 1898, 3, descrip.)
SKINNER BLOCK, West Hastings Street, for R.J. Skinner & Co., 1898 (Province [Vancouver], 6 Aug. 1898, 2, descrip.; 11 Aug. 1898, 3, descrip.)
COSTOBADIE BLOCK, West Hastings Street 'adjoining the Abbott Block', for A.P. Costobadie, 1898 (Province [Vancouver], 6 Aug. 1898, 2, descrip.; 11 Aug. 1898, 3, descrip.)
HOPE & FADER CO., Granville Street, "...next to the Imperial Bank', 1898 (Province [Vancouver], 6 Aug. 1898, 2, descrip.; 11 Aug. 1898, 3, descrip.)
HOPE, GRAVELEY & CO. BLOCK, Granville Street, "..next to the Leckie Building", 1898 (Province [Vancouver], 29 Aug. 1898, 2, descrip.)
MAHON & MACFARLAND, West Hastings Street, a large three storey block, with Masonic rooms, "...adjoining the Molson's Bank building", 1898 (Province [Vancouver], 11 Aug. 1898, 3)
NEW WESTMINSTER, B.C., British Columbia Electric Railway Co., Columbia Street at the foot of Alexander Street, office and car barns, 1898 (C.R., ix, 12 Oct. 1898, 2, t.c.)
BRITISH COLUMBIA ELECTRIC RAILWAY CO., Hastings Street at Carrall Street, a new Train Terminal building, 1898-99 (Province [Vancouver], 14 Nov. 1898, 8)
BRITISH COLUMBIA ELECTRIC RAILWAY CO., Westminster Avenue at Prior Street, car barns, 1899; addition by Dalton & Eveleigh, 1903 (C.R., x, 5 April 1899, 2, t.c.; xiv, 19 Aug. 1903, 3; Vancouver Daily World, 8 Aug. 1899, 8, descrip.)
HOTEL EUROPE, Powell Street, major addition for A.G. Calori, 1899 (Vancouver Daily World, 19 July 1899, 6, t.c.; C.R., x, 26 July 1899, 2, t.c.)
MARTIN & ROBERTSON CO., Water Street near Cambie Street, warehouse, 1898-99; addition, 1903 (Vancouver Daily World, 26 March 1898, 2; Vancouver of Today Architecturally, c. 1900, illus.; City of Vancouver building permit, 23 Sept. 1903)
HUDSON BAY CO., Granville Street at West Georgia Street, major addition and interior alterations, 1900; demol. 1926 (C.R., xi, 14 Feb. 1900, 3, t.c.)
ALEXANDRIA ORPHANAGE, 7th Avenue West near Pine Street, major addition, 1900; burned 1975 (C.R., xi, 1 Aug. 1900, 3, t.c.)
HADDON BLOCK, West Hastings Street at Granville Street, for Harvey Haddon, with offices and retail store for George E. Trorey, jeweller, 1900 (Province [Vancouver], 6 March 1900, 5, descrip., but lacking attribution to the architect; Vancouver Daily World, 1 Dec. 1900, 2, descrip.)
BURNABY STREET, at Bute Street, residence for Edward J. McFeely, 1900 (Province [Vancouver], 28 June 1900, 7, t.c.)
BURNABY STREET, near Jervis Street, residence for William Bailey, 1901; demol. (C.R., xii, 29 May 1901, 3, t.c.)
ST. PAUL'S HOSPITAL, Burrard Street, major addition, 1901 (C.R., xii, 24 July 1901, 1)
REVELSTOKE, B.C., Queen Victoria Memorial Hospital, First Street, 1901; burned c. 1965 (Revelstoke Herald, 31 Aug. 1901, 1, descrip.; C.R., xii, 11 Sept. 1901, 1)
ROBSON STREET, residence for Alex Robinson, c. 1900 (Vancouver of Today Architecturally, c. 1905, illus.)
BURNABY STREET, residence for William Bailey, 1901 (Vancouver Daily World, 21 May 1901, 4, t.c.)
MISSION, B.C., Anglican Church and parsonage, 1901-02 (Vancouver Daily World, 12 Dec. 1901, 3)
GREAT WESTERN HOTEL, Cambie Street, 1902 (City of Vancouver building permit, 14 Feb. 1902)

DALTON & EVELEIGH

(works in Vancouver)

STRAND HOTEL, Hastings Street, backing onto Pender Street, major addition of fifty rooms, 1902 (Vancouver Daily World, 11 Jan. 1902, 8, descrip.)
PACIFIC STREET, residence for Gerrard L. Betts, 1902 (C.R., xiii, 12 March 1902, 2, t.c.)
McCLARY MANUFACTURING CO., Water Street, addition to factory, 1902 (C.R., xiii, 16 April 1902, 3, t.c.)
POLICE COURT & CITY JAIL, Powell Street, 1903; addition, 1908 (C.R., xiv, 11 March 1903, 2; xix, 1 Jan. 1908, 19)
ROYAL BANK, West Hastings Street at Homer Street, 1903 (dwgs. at Vancouver City Archives)
BUNTZEN POWER HOUSE NO. 1, Indian Arm, a powerhouse, transformer station and substation for the Vancouver Power Co., 1903 (C.R., xiv, 1 July 1903, 3, t.c.)
BURNABY, B.C., Vancouver Power Co. Electric Substation, The Kingsway at Griffiths Avenue, 1903; demol. (Vancouver Daily World, 20 June 1903, 4, t.c.)
THE RAILWAY BUILDING, West Hastings Street, 1903 (inf. Donald Luxton, Vancouver)
BANK OF NOVA SCOTIA, West Hastings Street near Homer Street, 1903 (C.R., xiv, 21 Oct. 1903, 2)
HADDON BLOCK, Hastings Street, "immediately west of the Woodward Dept. Store", for Harvey Haddon, 1905 (Vancouver Daily World, 5 Jan. 1905, 12)
DAVIS CHAMBERS, West Hastings Street near Seymour Street, for E.P. Davis, 1905 (C.R., xv, 18 Jan. 1905, 4; dwgs. at the Vancouver City Archives)
KITSILANO PUBLIC SCHOOL, 4th Avenue at Yew Street, 1905; burned 1947 (D. Franklin, Early School Architecture in British Columbia, 1980, 123)
BURRARD HOTEL, Homer Street at Cordova Street, 1905 (C.R., xvi, 23 Aug. 1905, 2)
PENDER STREET, between Homer Street and Hamilton Street, commerical block for W. Ackland Hood, 1906 (C.R., xvi, 17 Jan. 1906, 6)
HEWSON BLOCK, West Hastings Street, between Cambie Street and Abbott Street, for E.E. Hewson, 1906 (Vancouver Daily World, 24 Jan. 1906, 2, descrip.; C.R., xvi, 31 Jan. 1906, 6)
B.C. TELEPHONE EXCHANGE, Seymour Street near Dunsmuir Street, 1906-07; demol. (C.R., xvi, 7 Feb. 1906, 4; Canadian Electrical News [Toronto], xvii, June 1908, 38-9, illus. & descrip.)
YOUNG WOMEN'S CHRISTIAN ASSOC., Dunsmuir Street at Burrard Street, 1906-06 (Vancouver Daily World, 13 Feb. 1906, 16, descrip.; 20 June 1906, 5)
HOTEL QUINTE, Cordova Street, major alterations, 1906 (C.R., xvii, 4 April 1906, 5, t.c.)
NEWS-ADVERTISER BUILDING, West Pender Street, 1906 (inf. Donald Luxton, Vancouver)
REAL ESTATE EXCHANGE HOTEL, West Hastings Street near Richards Street, major addition for Edward Mahon, 1906 (Vancouver Daily World, 29 May 1906, 9, t.c.)
EAGLE HOTEL, Cordova Street, major addition, 1906 (Vancouver Daily World, 11 June 1906, 1, descrip.; C.R., xvii, 20 June 1906, 7)
EDWARD LIPSETT SAILS CO., Water Street, warehouse, 1906; addition, 1912 (D. Luxton, City of Vancouver: Statements of Significance for Gastown, 2004, 50; dwgs. at the Vancouver City Archives)
AUSTIN'S GRAND VIEW HOTEL, Cordova Street, rebuilding of the hotel, 1906 (C.R., xvii, 26 Sept. 1906, 4)
BURNABY, B.C., St. Alban's Anglican Church, 19th Avenue, 1907-09 (D. Luxton, Building The West: The Early Architects of British Columbia, 2003, 497, list of works) NORTHERN BANK, 1907 (Pacific Builder & Engineer [Seattle], v, 13 April 1907, 10)
LECKIE & CO., Water Street at Cambie Street, warehouse, 1908 (Vancouver Daily World, 8 Feb. 1908, 20, descrip.)
CHRIST CHURCH (Anglican), Burrard Street at West Georgia Street, major addition and interior alterations, 1908 (Vancouver Daily World, 13 April 1908, 5, descrip.; C.R., xix, 22 April 1908, 19, t.c.; Canadian Churchman [Toronto], 11 March 1909, 155, illus. & descrip.)
INDIAN RIVER PARK HOTEL, at the North Arm, overlooking Burrard Inlet, 1908 (Vancouver Daily World, 9 May 1908, 2; 20 May 1908, 15, advert.)
B.C. PRINTING CORP., Smithe Street at Homer Street, printing house, 1908 (Vancouver Daily World, 25 July 1908, 23)
RICHARDS BLOCK, Homer Street, between Hastings Street and Cordova Street, for S.O. Richards, 1908 (Vancouver Daily World, 25 July 1908, 23)
D.E. BROWN CO., Columbia Street at Powell Street, warehouse, 1908 (Vancouver Daily World, 25 July 1908, 23)
DOMINION STEAM LAUNDRY CO., Columbia Street at Powell Street, office building, 1908 (Vancouver Daily World, 25 July 1908, 23)
THE WESTERN CLUB, Howe Street at West Hastings Street, 1908-09 (Vancouver Daily World, 5 Dec. 1908, 15, descrip.)
CROWE & WILSON BLOCK, West Hastings Street between Cambie Street and Abbott Street, 1909 (Vancouver Daily World, 14 April 1909, 1)
HASTINGS PARK, Exhibition Building, 1909, originally designed by Henry B. Watson, but completed by Dalton & Eveleigh after Watson was dismissed from the job for cost overruns, 1909 (Vancouver Daily World, 24 Aug. 1909, 6)
WOOD, VALLANCE & LEGGAT, a warehouse, located at the foot of Shanghai Alley, 1909 (C.R., xxiii, 22 Sept. 1909, 23)
SMALLPOX HOSPITAL, on the Admiralty Reserve near Stanley Park, 1910 (C.R., xxiv, 12 Oct. 1910, 25; dwgs. at the Vancouver City Archives)
MASONIC TEMPLE, Seymour Street, 1910 (dwgs. at the Vancouver City Archives)
BON ACCORD APARTMENTS, Hornby Street, 1910 (dwgs. at the Vancouver City Archives)
PILKINGTON BROS., Powell Street, warehouse, 1910 (dwgs. at the Vancouver City Archives)
DOMINION LAUNDRY LTD., Lansdowne Avenue at Ontario Street, in Mount Pleasant neighbourhood, 1910 (Vancouver Daily World, 8 March 1910, 18, descrip.)
DOMINION LAUNDRY LTD., Beach Avenue at Granville Street, 1910 (dwgs. at the Vancouver City Archives)
BELL IRVING BLOCK, Granville Street, 1910 (dwgs. at the Vancouver City Archives)
WOOD, VALLANCE & LEGGAT CO., two warehouses on Carrall Street near Pender Street, 1911-12; burned January 1917 (Province [Vancouver], 6 May 1911, 24, descrip.; 27 July 1912, 22, descrip.; Vancouver Daily World, 6 Jan. 1917, 1)
UNION STEAMSHIP CO., foot of Carrall Street, office, sheds and warehouse, 1911 (C.R., xxv, 1 Nov. 1911, 59)
ISOLATION HOSPITAL, 21st Avenue, 1912 (Province [Vancouver], 24 Aug. 1912, 24, illus. & descrip.)
HOMER STREET, at Dunsmuir Street, commercial block for Dr. D.H. Wilson, 1912 (C.R., xxvi, 21 Feb. 1912, 67, t.c.)
ALCAZAR HOTEL, Dunsmuir Street, 1912 (dwgs. at the Vancouver City Archives)
JOHN LECKIE & CO., Cambie Street at Water Street, warehouse, 1913; addition, 1920 (C.R., xxvii, 25 June 1913, 68; xxxiv, 24 March 1920, 58)
EDWARD LIPSETT SAILS CO., Cambie Street, warehouse, 1913 (dwgs. at the Vancouver City Archives)
COPE & SON, Beatty Street, factory and warehouse, 1913 (dwgs. at the Vancouver City Archives)

(works elsewhere)

LYTTON, B.C., Indian Boy's School and Principal's residence, 1901-02 (Vancouver Daily World, 13 Nov. 1901, 5, t.c.)
REVELSTOKE, B.C., Imperial Bank, 1903; demol. (C.R., xiv, 12 Aug. 1903, 2, t.c.; Kootenay Mail [Revelstoke], 17 Dec. 1904, 33, illus.)
REVELSTOKE, B.C., The Lawrence-Hume Block, McKenzie Avenue, for William M. Lawrence, 1903-04 (Kootenay Mail [Revelstoke], 25 June 1904, 1, descrip.; 16 July 1904, 1, descrip.; 17 Dec. 1904, 33, illus.; 31 Dec. 1904, 5, illus. & descrip.)
REVELSTOKE, B.C., residence for G.S. Flindt, McKenzie Avenue, 1904 (Kootenay Mail [Revelstoke], 31 Dec. 1904, 5, descrip.)
EBURNE, B.C., substation for the Lulu Island Electric Railway, 1905 (C.R., xv, 22 Feb. 1905, 5)
NORTH VANCOUVER, B.C., commercial block for James W. Horne, Esplanade at Lonsdale Avenue, 1906 (C.R., xvii, 5 Sept. 1906, 4)
NEW WESTMINSTER, B.C., Russell Hotel, Carnarvon Street, for Elijah Fader, 1907 (Vancouver Daily World, 4 Feb. 1907, 7, descrip.; Pacific Builder & Engineer [Seattle], v, 9 Feb. 1907, 10, t.c.; J.D. Scott, Once in the Royal City: The Heritage of New Westminster, 1985, 88, illus.)
TRANQUILLE, B.C., Sanatorium for the B.C. Tuberculosis Society, 1908-10; Administration Building and Sleeping Pavillion, 1911 (C.R., xxii, 8 July 1908, 26, t.c.; Vancouver Daily World, 15 Sept. 1910, 1 & 5, descrip.; 15 Aug. 1911, 17, t.c.)
KAMLOOPS, B.C., Imperial Bank, Victoria Street at Second Avenue, 1910 (C.R., xxiv, 2 March 1910, 25)
CRANBROOK, B.C., Imperial Bank, c. 1910 (dwgs. at the CIBC Archives, Toronto)
VERNON, B.C., Hudson's Bay Co. Department Store, 1911; demol. 1976 (C.R., xxv, 7 June 1911, 62, t.c.)

COMPETITIONS

VANCOUVER, B.C., Hotel Vancouver, 1900. Dalton was one of six architects from British Columbia who were invited by the C.P.R. head office in Montreal to submit designs for a new hotel (Province [Vancouver], 15 Oct. 1900, 7). It is unclear who won this competition.