Chapman, Alfred Hirschfelder

CHAPMAN, Alfred Hirschfelder (1879-1949), a leading architect in Toronto during the first half of the 20th C. He was active in the following offices:

Alfrred H. Chapman, Toronto, 1906-07
Chapman & McGiffin, Toronto, 1908-1919 (with Clare V. McGiffin and Robert B. McGiffin)
Chapman, Oxley & Bishop, Toronto, 1919-1922 (with James M. Oxley and Roy H. Bishop)
Chapman & Oxley, Toronto, 1923-1941 (with James M. Oxley)

(biography in preparation)

A.H. CHAPMAN (works in Toronto unless noted)

EVANGELIA SETTLEMENT HOUSE, Queen Street East at River Street, 1906; addition 1911 (Toronto b.p. 5363, 25 Sept. 1906; C.R., xxv, 20 Sept. 1911, 59, t.c.)
(with Wickson & Gregg) CENTRAL REFERENCE LIBRARY, College Street at St. George Street, 1907-08; addition 1928-30; all still standing in 2022, and now the University of Toronto Student Centre & Bookstore (C.A.B., xix, June 1906, 85-6, illus. & descrip.; R.A.I.C. Journal, iii, May-June 1926, 87-8, 97, 99, illus.; Const., xxiii, Sept. 1930, 282-4, 293-4, illus. & descrip.; W. Dendy & W. Kilbourn, Toronto Observed, 1986, 164-67, illus.)
HUMBER RIVER BRIDGE, near Old Mill Road, 1916; still standing in 2022 (C.R., xxxii, 12 June 1918, 463-4, illus. & descrip.)
W. HARRIS CO., Keating Street at Cherry Street, factory, 1918 (Toronto b.p. 18242, 9 Aug. 1918)
KEELE STREET PUBLIC SCHOOL, addition, 1919 (C.R., xxxiii, 4 June 1919, 45)
CANADIAN ICE MACHINE CO., Villiers Street at Munition Street, factory, 1919 (C.R., xxxiii, 2 April 1919, 49)
ROXBOROUGH DRIVE, at Scholfield Avenue, residence for Alfred H. Chapman architect, 1927 (inf. Toronto Historical Board)
MONTREAL, QUE., St. John the Evangelist Anglican Church, President Kennedy Avenue, new Parish Hall and Presbytery, 1930-31; still standing in 2022 (Montreal, Les Eglises, 1981, 274; )

CHAPMAN & McGIFFIN (works in Toronto unless noted)

HAROLD A. WILSON CO., Yonge Street near Dundas Street East, 1908 (C.R., xxiii, 6 Jan. 1909, 40, illus.)
OAKVILLE, ONT., Oakville High School, Reynolds Street opposite Lawson Street, 1908; still standing in 2022 (C.R., xix, 6 May 1908, 16, t.c.)
DUNDAS, ONT., Carnegie Library, King Street West at Ogilvie Street, 1909; still standing in 2022, and now called The Carnegie Art Gallery (C.R., xxiii, 13 Jan. 1909, 31, illus. & descrip.)
POPLAR PLAINS ROAD, near Balmoral Avenue, pair of houses for Edwin G. Long, 1909 (C.R., xxii, 23 Dec. 1908, 28)
ROSEDALE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, South Drive at Mount Pleasant Road, 1909-10; still standing in 2022 (C.R., xxiv, 1 June 1910, 38, illus.; Const., v, Dec. 1912, 53-6, illus. & descrip.; Architecture [New York], xxvii, 15 Feb. 1913, Plate illus. xviii)
KEMPENFELDT BAY, near Barrie, Ont., residence for an unidentified client, 1909 (C.R., xxiii, 13 Jan. 1909, 36-7)
SPADINA ROAD, near Dupont Street, residence for George A. Chapman, 1909 (C.R., xxiii, 19 May 1909, 19)
BRANTFORD, ONT., Brantford Collegiate Institute, Brant Avenue, 1909-10, a commission won in a competition (Brantford Weekly Expositor, 16 Sept. 1909, 12; and Brantford Daily Expositor, 10 Oct. 1908, 9, descrip.; and 3 Nov. 1909, 8, descrip.; and 17 Nov. 1909, 1, detailed architectural descrip.; and 29 Nov. 1909, 1, detailed architectural descrip.; and 28 Feb. 1911, 5, detailed descrip.; Const., iii, Nov. 1909, 75-7, illus.)
BRANTFORD, ONT., City Hall & Public Market, Colborne Street, between George Street at Market Street, a proposal for a new City Hall & Public Market, 1909, but not built (Brantford Daily Expositor, 23 Oct. 1909, 1, signed elevation drawing, with illus. & descrip.; and 2 Nov. 1909, 3, descrip.)
BRANTFORD, ONT., St. Basil's Roman Catholic Separate School, Pearl Street near Palace Street, 1910-11; still standing in 2022 (Brantford Daily Expositor, 4 June 1910, 2, t.c.; Brantford Weekly Expositor, 29 Sept. 1910, 16, illus.)
RUSSELL HILL DRIVE, residence for Melville Bertram, 1910 (C.R., xxiv, 19 Jan. 1910, 23)
WESTMINSTER AVENUE, residence for Alex Lochore, 1910 (dwgs. at OA)
R.S. WILLIAMS & SONS, Yonge Street opposite Temperance Street, store and warehouse, 1912; demol. 1987 (Toronto World, 25 Jan. 1912, 8, illus. & descrip.; C.R., xxvi, 27 Nov. 1912, 62-3, illus. & descrip.; Const., vi, March 1913, 91-2, illus.)
(with L.D. Barber) BRANTFORD, ONT., Royal Loan & Savings Co., bank and office building, Market Street, 1911 (Brantford Daily Expositor, 7 June 1911, 7, t,c.; and 5 Oct. 1912, 21, illus. & detailed architectural descrip.; C.R., xxv, 5 July 1911, 64)
ST. CLAIR AVENUE WEST, near Parkwood Avenue, residence for Dr. George W. Grieve, 1911 (Toronto b.p. 30743, 3 Oct. 1911)
YONGE STREET, north of Shuter Street, store for Albert Britnell, 1911 (Toronto b.p. #27250, 18 May 1911)
KNOX COLLEGE, UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO, St. George Street, north of College Street, a commission won in a competition, 1911-13; still standing in 2022 (Const., iv, Feb. 1911, 44, 48-50, illus.; viii, Nov. 1915, 452-63, illus. & descrip.; C.R., xxix, 24 Feb. 1915, 224-6, illus. & descrip.; 13 Oct. 1915, 1052-53, illus. & descrip.)
STRATHROY, ONT., Collegiate Institute, Kittredge Avenue, 1912 (Free Press [London], 4 July 1912, 11, t.c.)
DOVERCOURT BRANCH LIBRARY, Bloor Street West at Gladstone Avenue, 1912-13; still standing in 2022 (C.R., xxvii, 17 Dec. 1913, 55-6, illus. & descrip.; Architectural Forum [New York], xxxiii, Aug. 1920, plate 32, illus.; R.A.I.C. Journal, iii, May-June 1926, 90-2, illus. & descrip.)
BANK OF TORONTO, Queen Street East at Logan Avenue, 1912; still standing in 2022 (Toronto b.p. 34648, 8 June 1912)
TORONTO, residence for Robert E. Ryerson, c. 1911 (Const., v, April 1912, 62-3, illus.)
OLD MILL TEA ROOM, for R. Home Smith Humber Valley Survey Co., Old Mill Road at Humber Boulevard, 1913-14; still standing in 2022 (Const., xiv, Aug. 1921, 233, illus.)
TORONTO STRUCTURAL STEEL CO., Main Street North, Weston, office building, 1914 (dwgs. at OA)
OAKVILLE, ONT., country residence for Almon P. Turner, 1914 (C.R., xxviii, 15 April 1914, 80; Const., xi, June 1918, 173-76, illus. & descrip.; xiv, Aug. 1921, 229, illus.)
BARRIE, ONT., Carnegie Library, Collier Street at Mulcaster Street, 1915; still standing in 2022 and now part of the MacLaren Art Centre (Const., ix, Sept. 1916, 313; M. Beckman, The Best Gift, 1984, 184)
ROXBOROUGH STREET EAST, residence for the architect Alfred H. Chapman, 1915 (Const., ix, June 1916, 188, illus. & descrip.)
OAKVILLE, ONT., country residence for Henry G. Kelly, 1917 (Const., x, Feb. 1917, 74)
COBOURG, ONT., Central School, George Street, 1917 (inf. Cobourg Local Architectural Conservation Advisory Committee)
TORONTO HARBOUR COMMISSIONERS BUILDING, Lakeshore Boulevard West at Bay Street, 1917-18; still standing in 2022 (Const., xii, Feb. 1919, 34-40, illus. & descrip.; Canadian Railway & Marine World, xxi, Sept. 1918, 414, illus. & descrip.)
SIMCOE, ONT., North Ward School, 1919 (Brantford Expositor, 2 Nov. 1918, 8, payment of fees to Chapman; and 9 June 1919, 13, t.c.; C.R., xxxiii, 23 April 1919, 43; dwgs. at OA)
SIMCOE, ONT., addition to the South Ward School, 1919 (Brantford Expositor, 9 June 1919, 13, t.c.)

CHAPMAN & OXLEY (Commercial & Industrial works in Toronto unless noted)

HOBBERLIN BUILDING, Adelaide Street West, opposite Charlotte Street, a 7 storey industrial loft building, 1920, and now called The Capitol Building (inf. Ontario Association of Architects, Oxley File)
CANADA DELCOMANIA CO. LTD., Richmond Street West near Spadina Avenue, warehouse, 1921 (inf. Ontario Association of Architects, Oxley File)
CHAPMAN'S ICE & COAL LTD., Gerrard Street East at Sackville Street, factory, 1921 (Toronto b.p. 44184, 14 Oct. 1921)
NORTHERN ONTARIO BUILDING, Bay Street at Adelaide Street West, 1924-25; still standing in 2022 (C.R., xxxix, 5 Aug. 1925, 773-8, illus. & descrip.; Const., xviii, Sept, 1925, 274-8, illus. & descrip.; R.A.I.C. Journal, iv, March 1927, 83, illus.)
NATIONAL BUILDING, Bay Street at Temperance Street, 1925-26; still standing in 2022 (C.R., xxxix, 9 Sept. 1925, 870-1, illus. & descrip.; xl, 21 July 1926, 692-4, illus. & descrip.; Const., xix, Aug. 1926, 252-55, illus. & descrip.)
RUNNYMEDE THEATRE, Bloor Street West at Runnymede Road, 1927 (Const., xxi, Feb. 1928, 53-4, 56, illus. & descrip.)
BLOOR THEATRE, Bloor Street West near Bathurst Street, c. 1926 (inf. Ontario Association of Architects, Oxley File)
DANFORTH THEATRE, Danforth Avenue, east of Broadview Avenue, c. 1926 (inf. Ontario Association of Architects, Oxley File)
BRITISH ALUMINUM BUILDING, Adelaide Street West near Spadina Avenue, 1927 (C.R., xli, 23 Feb. 1927, 115)
DOMINION COMMERCE BUILDING, Bay Street at Albert Street, 1927; demol. 1976 (C.R., xli, 25 May 1927, 515, illus; Const., xxi, Feb. 1928, 51-2, 61-2, illus. & descrip.)
CROSSE & BLACKWELL LTD., Lakeshore Boulevard West at Bathurst Street, 1927; still standing in 2022 (C.R., xli, 29 June 1927, 663, illus.; Const., xx, Dec. 1927, 395-9, illus. & descrip.; R.A.I.C. Journal, vi, March 1929, 102, illus.)
TORONTO STAR LTD., King Street West near Bay Street, office tower, 1928-29; demol. 1972 (R.A.I.C. Journal, v, Sept. 1928, 310, illus.; vi, April 1929, 143-54, illus. & descrip.; Const., xxii, May 1929, 147-58, illus. & descrip.)
STERLING TOWER, Bay Street at Richmond Street West, 1928; still standing in 2022 (Const., xxii, Jan. 1929, 4-10, 15-6, 30, illus. & descrip.; R.A.I.C. Journal, vi, March 1929, 105, illus.)
WESTON, ONT., near Toronto Junction, factory for Firstbrook Boxes Ltd., 1928 (C.R., xlii, 4 July 1928, 53)
WESTON, ONT., near Toronto Junction, factory for Arco Co., Liberty Street, 1928 (C.R., xlii, 5 Sept. 1928, 63, t.c.)
SIMPSON'S DEPARTMENT STORE, western extension with Arcadian Court Restaurant, Bay Street at Richmond Street West, 1928-29; still standing in 2022; Motor Service Garage, 1934; demol.; Men's Store, 1936 (C.R., xlii, 18 April 1928, 401, illus. & descrip.; xlviii, 10 Oct. 1934, 861-4, illus. & descrip.; Const., xxii, March 1929, 71-7, 82-6, illus. & descrip.; xxvi, Jan.-Feb. 1933, 2-6, illus. & descrip.; Telegram [Toronto], 19 June 1936, 3, illus. & descrip.; Tim Morawetz, Art Deco Architecture Across Canada, 2017, 176-77, illus. & descrip.)
BARKER'S BREAD CO., Davenport Road at Kendal Avenue, 1929 (Toronto Star, 17 Jan. 1930, 32, illus.; dwgs. at OA, RG 15-13-2)
ELGIN TELEPHONE EXCHANGE TOWER, for the Bell Telephone Co., Sheppard Street at Temperance Street, 1929-30; still standing in 2022 (R.A.I.C. Journal, viii, March 1931, xxiii, illus. in advert.)
MONTREAL, QUE., Robert Simpson Department Store, Ste. Catherine Street West at Mansfield Street, a large 6 storey department store, 1929-30, (Gazette [Montreal], 7 March 1929, 4, descrip., and 13, illus. & extensive descrip. in advert.; Gazette [Montreal], 3 Dec. 1930, 6, descrip.; C.R., xliii, 20 March 1929, 307, illus. & descrip.; xliv, 12 Feb. 1930, 153-56, illus. & descrip.; Montreal, Les Magasins Les Cinemas, 1985, 228-31, illus.; inf. Scott Edwards)
YARDLEY HOUSE, Lakeshore Boulevard West at York Street, office and warehouse, 1930-31; demol. 1992 (R.A.I.C. Journal, xxiii, Oct. 1930, ix, illus. in advert.)
SANGAMO ELECTRIC CO., George Street near Queen Street East, major addition to factory, 1930-31; demol. (Toronto Star, 23 Jan. 1931, 2, illus.)
TORONTO HYDRO ELECTRIC COMMISSION, Carlton Street near Yonge Street, office building, 1932-33; still standing in 2022 (C.R., xlv, 25 Nov. 1931, 1412, illus.; xlvii, 28 June 1933, 625-37, illus. & descrip.; Const., xxvi, July-Aug. 1933, 81-7, illus. & descrip.; R.A.I.C. Journal, x, Sept. 1933, 152-6, illus. & descrip.)
NIAGARA FALLS, ONT., Coca-Cola Bottling Plant, Main Street, 1938 (C.R., vol. 50, 22 Dec. 1937, 26, t.c.; Financial Post [Toronto], 13 May 1939, 10, illus. in advert.)
WINDSOR, ONT., Coca-Cola Bottling Plant, Howard Road near Hanna Street East, c. 1938 (Building in Canada, Summer 1939, 11, illus.)
WINNIPEG, MAN., addition to Coca-Cola Bottling Plant, Bannatyne Avenue at Ellen Street, 1938-39 (C.R., li, 12 Oct. 1938, 41, t.c.)
CANADIAN BREWERIES LTD., Victoria Street near Gould Street, office building, 1939; still standing in 2022 and occupied by Ryerson University (R.A.I.C. Journal, xvii, April 1940, 56-7, illus.)
BANK OF MONTREAL, King Street West at Bay Street, a 16 storey head office tower for the bank, begun 1938-39; completed in 1946-48 in collaboration with Marani & Morris; demolished 1975 (Financial Post [Toronto], 30 July 1938, 1, descrip.; C.R., lii, 29 March 1939, 9-10, illus.; R.A.I.C. Journal, xxiii, March 1946, 64-5, illus. & descrip.; xxvi, Nov. 1949, 365-88, illus. & descrip.)
LONDON, ONT., Aeroplane Assembly Plant for the Dominion Dept. of Munitions and Supply, near Crumlin Airport, 1941-42 (R.A.I.C. Journal, xix, Oct. 1942, 207, illus.)
YORK TOWNSHIP, factory for Canadian Acme Screw & Gear Co., Weston Road, 1941-42 (C.R., liv, 3 Sept. 1941, 37)

CHAPMAN & OXLEY (Institutional Works in Toronto unless noted)

KEELE STREET PUBLIC SCHOOL, Keele Street at Glenlake Avenue, addition, 1920 (Toronto b.p. 27521, 10 Nov. 1919)
(with Roy Bishop) SUNNYSIDE PARK, Bathing Pavilion, 1921-22; still standing in 2022 (Const., xv, Aug. 1922, 236-40, illus. & descrip.; Architectural Forum [New York], xlvii, Sept. 1927, 277 & plate 55, illus.; W. Dendy & W. Kilbourn, Toronto Observed, 1986, 249, illus.)
LEUTY LIFEGUARD STATION, on Woodbine Beach, at the foot of Leuty Avenue, 1920; still standing in 2022 (M. Campbell & B. Myrvold, Historical Walking Tour of Kew Beach, 1995, 44-45, illus. & descrip.; Katerina Bong, "Wood on The Beach", in ACORN - The Journal of the Architectural Conservancy of Ontario, Vol. 46, No. 2, Fall 2021, pp. 10-11, illus. & descrip.)
(with Roy Bishop) SUNNYSIDE PARK, Deans Boat House & Dance Hall (later called the Palais Royale), 1921-22 (Const., xv, Aug. 1922, 245, illus.)
(with Roy Bishop) SUNNYSIDE PARK, various pavilions, public shelters, kiosks and amusement ticket offices, 1920-22; demol. 1957 (inf. Ontario Association of Architects, Oxley File)
(with Roy Bishop) WHITBY, ONT., King Street Public School, King Street at Dunlop Street, 1920 (dwgs. at OA)
(with Roy Bishop) CANADIAN NATIONAL EXHIBITION, Pure Food Building, 1921-22; demol. (Toronto b.p. #44485, 24 Oct. 1921)
(with Roy Bishop) BELLEVILLE, ONT., Albert College, Dundas Street West at Sidney Street, proposal for Master Plan 1923; and new College Building, 1924-26; still standing in 2022 (University of Toronto Monthly, xxv, Nov. 1924, 65-7, illus. & descrip.; Const., xx, Feb. 1927, 54-60, illus. & descrip.; dwgs. at OA)
(with Roy Bishop) MAPLE LEAF BASEBALL STADIUM, Lakeshore Boulevard West at Bathurst Street, 1925-26; demol. c. 1965 (C.R., xl, 26 May 1926, 495-98, illus. & descrip.; Canadian Engineer, l, 27 April 1926, 511-14, illus. & descrip.; dwg. at City of Toronto Archives, PT 85 L1)
CANADIAN NATIONAL EXHIBITION, Ontario Government Building, 1926; still standing in 2022 and now called The Liberty Grand Entertainment Complex (C.R., xl, 29 Dec. 1926, 202-4, illus. & descrip.; R.A.I.C. Journal, iv, Jan. 1927, 5-13, illus. & descrip.; Const., xx, Aug. 1927, 254-60, illus. & descrip.)
CANADIAN NATIONAL EXHIBITION, Prince's Gate, Strachan Avenue at Fleet Street, 1927; still standing in 2022 (Const., xx, Sept. 1927, 290, illus.; R.A.I.C. Journal, iv, Oct. 1927, 351-5, illus. & descrip.; vi, March 1929, 105, 108, illus.; H. Kalman, History of Canadian Architecture, 1994, 736-7, illus. & descrip.)
HAVERGAL COLLEGE, Avenue Road at Glenview Avenue, 1926-27; addition 1937; all still standing in 2022 (Saturday Night [Toronto], 5 Dec. 1925, 12, illus.; R.A.I.C. Journal, iv, June 1927, xxxiii, illus. in advert.; C.R., l, 28 April 1937, 60)
CANADIAN NATIONAL EXHIBITION, Electrical and Engineering Building, 1928-29; demol. (C.R., xxxvii, 24 Jan. 1923, 76-9, illus. & descrip.; xliii, 1 May 1929, 461-2, illus. & descrip.; Const., xxii, Oct. 1929, 316, illus.)
WYCLIFFE COLLEGE, on the campus of the Univ. of Toronto, The Leonard Library Building, facing Tower Road, south of Hoskin Avenue, and north of Hart House, 1929-30; still standing in 2022 (University of Toronto Monthly, xxix, May 1929, illus. & descrip.; C.R., xliii, 29 May 1929, 564, illus.; Const., xxiv, Nov. 1931, 356, 358, illus. & descrip.)
PORT CREDIT, ONT., Dominion Public Building, Lakeshore Road, 1930 (Toronto Star, 23 July 1930, 26, illus. & descrip.; C.R., xliv, 30 July 1930, 60)
CHATS FALLS, ONT., Electric Power Station, on the Ottawa River, near Renfrew, Ontario, exterior facade and Control Room interior, 1930-31 (dwgs. at OA)
ROYAL ONTARIO MUSEUM, East Wing, Avenue Road at Bloor Street West, 1931-32; altered 2005-07; still standing in 2022 (R.A.I.C. Journal, xii, Dec. 1932, 267, illus.; xiii, May 1933, 86-91, illus. & descrip.; C.R., xlvi, 29 June 1932, 725-38, illus. & descrip.; Const., xxv, Nov. 1932, 247-55, illus. & descrip.; ; H. Kalman, History of Canadian Architecture, 1994, 726, illus. & descrip.; dwgs. at OA)
GRAVENHURST, ONT., extension for the National Sanatarium Assoc., 1932; and Dormitory, 1935; and Laboratory and Doctor's Residence, 1937 (C.R., xlvi, 10 Feb. 1932, 46, t.c.; xlix, 14 Aug. 1935, 31; vol. 50, 8 Sept. 1937, 31)
WESTON, ONT., a sanatarium for the National Sanatarium Assoc., Buttonwood Avenue, 1937; Nurses Residence, 1938 (C.R., Vol. 50, 9 June 1937, 31; li, 14 Sept. 1938, 142)
HOLY BLOSSOM SYNAGOGUE, Bathurst Street at Ava Road, 1937-38; still standing in 2022 (C.R., Vol. 50, 11 Aug. 1937, 31; R.A.I.C. Journal, xv, Oct. 1938, 232-3, illus.; W. Dendy & W. Kilbourn, Toronto Observed, 1986, 250-51, illus. & descrip.; H. Kalman, History of Canadian Architecture, 1994, 726-8, illus. & descrip.)

CHAPMAN & OXLEY (Residential Works in Toronto unless noted)

(with Roy Bishop) ORILLIA, ONT., residence for W.O. Tudhope, Borland Street, 1921 (dwgs. at OA)
CRESCENT ROAD, residence for Albert E. and G.E. Phipps, c. 1922 (inf. Ontario Association of Architects, Oxley File)
ETOBICOKE, ONT., two residences for E.L Cousins and E.J. Cousins, The Kingsway, 1924 (E. Ingolfsrud & A. Keefer, Kingsway Park: Triumph in Design, 1994, 34, 55, illus.)
HEATH STREET EAST, at Hudson Drive, residence for Murray Capon, 1927 (R.A.I.C. Journal, vi, Feb. 1929, 67; C.H.G., vi, Sept. 1929, 28-9, illus.)
WARREN ROAD, near Lonsdale Road, residence for Harry Rotenberg, c. 1929 (inf. Ontario Association of Architects, Oxley File)
ROSEDALE ROAD, residence for Reginald Austin, c. 1930 (inf. Ontario Association of Architects, Oxley File)

COMPETITIONS

WINNIPEG, MAN., City Hall, 1913. Chapman & McGiffin were one of 39 architectural firms from across Canada who submitted plans in this national competition, but they were not among the five finalists (City of Winnipeg Archives, Council Communications, 1913, Box A169, Item 9741, list of entrants). The winners were Clemesha & Portnall of Regina, but their scheme was never built.
OTTAWA, ONT., Departmental Buildings, 1914. More than 60 competitors from Commonwealth countries submitted designs for this major commission, but only six were elevated to Stage Two, and the project was never realized. The scheme by Chapman & McGiffin was not premiated (NAC, RG11, Vol. 2952, File 5370-1B)