Rattenbury, Francis Mawson

RATTENBURY, Francis Mawson (1867-1935)
(biography in preparation)

COMMERCIAL

(works in Victoria unless noted)

BROADFORD, ENGLAND, shops and offices, Chapel Lane, c. 1890 (C.A.B., vi, March 1893, illus.)
VANCOUVER, B.C., Ramsay Bros. & Co. Ltd., Hastings Street near Westminster Street, confectionary factory, 1892 (C.R., iii, 20 Aug. 1892, 1; Vancouver Daily World, 24 Dec. 1892, 5)
VANCOUVER, B.C., Oppenheimer Street at Westminster Avenue, commercial block for Mr. Davis, 1892 (Vancouver Daily World, 9 Nov. 1892, 8, descrip.; C.R., iii, 26 Nov. 1892, 2)
VANCOUVER, B.C., commercial block on the site of the Cabinet Hotel, Water Street at Cambie Street, 1893 (C.R., iv, 23 Feb. 1893, 1)
PENTICTON, B.C., hotel for an unnamed client, 1893 (Vancouver Daily World, 10 April 1893, 8)
AGASSIZ, B.C., C.P.R. Railway Station, 1893, now called The Agassiz-Harrison Museum (Vancouver Daily World, 10 April 1893, 8)
VANCOUVER, B.C., Hotel Vancouver, Georgia Street at Granville Street, alterations and improvments, 1893; major addition 1901-02; demol. 1946 (C.R., iv, 17 Aug. 1893, 1; xii, 1 May 1901, 3, descrip.; Railway & Shipping World, v, April 1902, 123, illus.)
BANK OF MONTREAL, Government Street at Bastion Street, 1896-97 (Colonist [Victoria], 11 Nov. 1897, 8, descrip.; C.A.B., x, Dec. 1897, 239, descrip.; xi, March 1898, illus.; xii, March 1899, 50, descrip.; M. Segger & D. Franklin, Victoria, 1979, 88-91, illus.; S. Wagg, Money Matters - A Critical Look at Bank Architecture, 1990, 65-6, 131-2, illus.)
VANCOUVER, B.C., British Columbia Electric Railway Co., Carrall Street at Hastings Street, offices and car shed, 1897 (Barrett & Liscombe, 49, 295, illus.)
GLENORA, B.C., hotel with 60 rooms for an unidentified client, 1898 (C.R., ix, 11 May 1898, 3, t.c.)
(with J.G. Tiarks) NEW WESTMINSTER, B.C., Bank of Montreal, Columbia Street at Church Street, 1898-99 (C.R., ix, 7 Dec. 1898, 3; C.A.B., xii, Jan. 1899, 5; Barrett & Liscombe, 81, illus.)
(with J.G. Tiarks) NEW WESTMINSTER, B.C., Bank of British Columbia, Columbia Street at Mary Street, 1898-99 (Colonist [Victoria], 22 Oct. 1898, 5, descrip.; C.A.B., xi, Nov. 1898, 202; Daily Columbian [New Westminster], 2 Nov. 1899, 4, descrip.)
ROSSLAND, B.C., Bank of Montreal, Washington Street at Columbia Avenue, 1899 (Rossland Miner, 2 Jan. 1900, 3, descrip; dwgs. at Bank of Montreal Premises Div., Toronto; Barrett & Liscombe, 78-9, illus.)
NELSON, B.C., Bank of Montreal, 1899 (Colonist [Victoria], 9 April 1899, 5; C.R., x, 31 May 1899, 4; Barrett & Liscombe, 80, illus.)
VANCOUVER, B.C., P. Burns Meat Co., Cordova Street West, cold storage buildings, 1899 (C.R., x, 27 Sept. 1899, 2)
GREENWOOD, B.C., hotel for Graham & Parry, 1899, demol. (C.R., x, 27 Sept. 1899, 2; Barrett & Liscombe, 79, illus.)
BASTION STREET, at Langley Street, commercial block for an unidentified client, 1900-01 (C.R., xi, 19 Dec. 1900, 2)
FIELD, B.C., additions to Mount Stephen House Hotel, 1901; demol. c. 1950 (C.R., xii, 13 March 1901, 3, t.c.; Railway & Shipping World, v, March 1902, 99, illus. & descrip.)
B.C. ELECTRIC RAILWAY CO., Store Street at Fisgard Street, car sheds, 1901 (Barrett & Liscombe, 297)
BAMFIELD, B.C., Cable Telegraph Station, 1901; demol. 1965 (Barrett & Liscombe, 110, 298, illus.)
GLACIER, B.C., addition to the Glacier House Hotel, 1902; demol. (Railway & Shipping World, vi, Feb. 1903, 53)
BANFF, ALTA. major addition to the Banff Springs Hotel, 1902; demol. 1926 (Railway & Shipping World, vi, Feb. 1903, 53)
SUMMERLAND, B.C., a hotel for the C.P.R., 1902 (C.R., xiii, 4 June 1902, 2)
HOTEL DALLAS, Dallas Road, extensive alterations and improvements to the hotel, 1902; demol. (Colonist [Victoria], 4 May 1902, 7, illus. & descrip.)
B.C. LAND & INVESTMENT AGENCY, Yates Street, commercial block, 1903 (C.R., xiv, 18 March 1903, 3, t.c.)
VANCOUVER, B.C., commercial block on Granville Street for Sir William Van Horne, 1903 (C.R., xiii, 21 Jan. 1903, 2)
LAGGAN, ALTA., new entry hall, bedroom wing and renovations to Lake Louise Hotel, 1903; major extension, 1905; burned 1924 (Railway & Shipping World, vi, Feb. 1903, 53; C.R., xvi, 16 Aug. 1905, 5)
OAK BAY, Oak Bay Hotel, Beach Drive, 1904; demol. 1962 (C.A.B., xix, Sept. 1906, 225, descrip. & illus.)
C.P.R. RAILWAY OFFICES & STEAMSHIP TERMINAL, Belleville Street overlooking the harbour, 1904; demol. 1923 (C.A.B., xix, Sept. 1906, 225, descrip. & illus.)
CHANCERY CHAMBERS, Langley Street, an office block for J.H. McGregor, 1905 (M. Segger & D. Franklin, Exploring Victoria's Architecture, 1996, 92, illus.)
MELROSE CO., Fort Street, commercial block, 1905 (C.R., xvi, 17 May 1905, 4)
EMPRESS HOTEL, for Canadian Pacific Railway, Government Street at Belleville Street, 1905-07; North Wing 1910; South Wing 1913 (C.R., xiv, 28 Oct. 1903, 2; Colonist [Victoria], 1 Dec. 1903, 1, descrip. of the first design; M. Segger & D. Franklin, Victoria, 1979, 136-9, illus.; Barrett & Liscombe, 137-41, 150-60, illus.)
B.C. ELECTRIC RAILWAY CO., Fort Street at Langley Street, offices, 1906 (C.R., xvii, 21 March 1906, 4, t.c.; Barrett & Liscombe, 146)
PRINCE RUPERT, B.C., hotel for the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway, 1906-07; demol. (C.R., xvii, 14 Nov. 1906, 4)
BRACKMAN-KER MILLING CO., Broad Street at Pandora Avenue, 1907 (C.R., xviii, 13 March 1907, 4)
MERCHANTS BANK, Yates Street at Douglas Street, 1907 (C.R., xxii, 19 Aug. 1908, 22-3, illus. & descrip.; M. Segger & D. Franklin, Victoria, 1979, 82-3, illus.)
W. & J. WILSON, Government Street, retail store, 1907 (C.R., xviii, 19 June 1907, 2, t.c.)
VICTORIA TRANSFER CO., additions to livery stables, Broughton Street near Broad Street, 1907 (C.R., xviii, 9 Oct. 1907, 2)
B.C. AGRICULTURAL ASSOCIATION, restaurant and Machinery Hall at the Fairgrounds, 1908 (C.R., xix, 20 May 1908, 30, t.c.)
FORT STREET, office block for David R. Ker, 1909 (C.R., xxiii, 27 Jan. 1909, 21, t.c.)
NANAIMO, B.C., Merchants Bank, Albert Street at Wallace Street, 1912 (C.R., xxvi, 17 Jan. 1912, 74; Barrett & Liscombe, 232-3, illus.)

INSTITUTIONAL

LEGISLATIVE BUILDINGS, Belleville Street at Government Street, 1893-97; Library, 1912-15 (Vancouver Daily World, 23 Nov. 1892, 3, descrip.; 18 March 1893, 8, descrip.; 25 Sept. 1893, 2, descrip.; C.A.B., vi, April 1893, 48, descrip.; May 1893, illus.; vii, July 1894, illus.; xi, July 1898, 120, descrip. & illus.; Colonist [Victoria], 20 Sept. 1896, 1, descrip.; 2 April 1911, 1-2, illus. & descrip.; 28 Sept. 1912, 16, illus. & descrip.; M. Segger & D. Franklin, Victoria, 1979, 156-9, illus.; M. Segger, The British Columbia Parliament Buildings, 1979, 51-64, illus.; dwgs. at BCPA, PDP 513; 2294)
CHILLIWACK, B.C., Court House, 1894; burned 1951 (British Columbia, Sessional Papers, 1896, Public Accounts, 103; Barrett & Liscombe, 45, illus.)
NANAIMO, B.C., Court House, Front Street, 1895-96 (Nanaimo Free Press, 13 April 1895, 1, descrip.; C.A.B., xii, Aug. 1899, illus.; M. Carter, Early Canadian Court Houses, 1983, 179, 181, illus.)
VICTORIA CANOE CLUB, Wharf Street, 1895 (C.R., vi, 21 March 1895, 1)
VICTORIA COURT HOUSE, Bastion Square, extensive alterations and improvements, 1899 (C.R., x, 12 April 1899, 3; M. Segger & D. Franklin, Exploring Victoria's Architecture, 1996, 91, illus.)
ROYAL JUBILEE HOSPITAL, Cadboro Bay Road at Richmond Avenue, residence for the Medical Director Dr. Edward M. Hasell, 1900; addition of Children's Ward, Day Ward, kitchens, and Nurse's Home, 1902-03 (Colonist [Victoria], 19 Sept. 1900, 8; C.R., xii, 4 Dec. 1901, 2; xiv, 5 Aug. 1903, 2; xvi, 1 Nov. 1905, 2; H. Murphy, Royal Jubilee Hospital 1858-1958, 22)
PAARDEBURG GATE, a memorial to South African soldiers, Belleville Street near opposite the Legislative Buildings, 1901 (C.R., xi, 2 Jan. 1901, 2)
VICTORIA HIGH SCHOOL, Fernwood Road, 1901-02; addition 1907; demol. 1953 (Colonist [Victoria], 17 Aug. 1902, 8, illus. & descrip.; 3 Jan. 1907, 6, descrip.; P. Smith, One Hundred Years of Victoria High School 1876-1976, 31-4, illus.)
UNION CLUB, Douglas Street at Courtney Street, addition, 1902-03; demol. 1914 (P. Bissley, History of the Union Club of British Columbia, 1969, 23-4)
NELSON, B.C., Court House, Ward Street at Vernon Street, 1906-09 (C.R., xvii, 12 Sept. 1906, 2; Barrett & Liscombe, 193-4)
VANCOUVER, B.C., Court House, Georgia Street at Howe Street, 1907-11; addition, 1911 by Thomas Hooper; later converted to the Art Gallery of Vancouver 1981-83 (Vancouver Daily World, 15 Aug. 1906, 6, descrip.; Const., vii, May 1914, 166, illus.; Barrett & Liscombe, 185-92, illus.)
CHINESE CONSOLIDATED BENEVOLENT ASSOCIATION, School House, perhaps the Imperial Chinese School, Fisgard Street, 1908; completed by David C. Frame, 1909 (C.R., xxii, 2 Dec. 1908, 27)
ST. MARGARET'S SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, Fern Street at Cadboro Bay Road, 1911 (Colonist [Victoria], 29 Oct. 1911, 20, illus. & descrip.; Barrett & Liscombe, 234, illus.)
ESQUIMALT, Sailor's & Orphan's Home for the Navy League, Admiral Road, 1918 (C.R., xxxii, 12 June 1918, 42)
(with Percy L. James) C.P.R. STEAMSHIP TERMINAL, Belleville Street at Menzies Street, 1923-24 (C.R., xxxvii, 10 Oct. 1923, 52; Canadian Railway & Marine World, xxvii, Dec. 1924, 602, illus. & descrip.; M. Segger & D. Franklin, Victoria, 1979, 160-1, illus.; dwgs. at BCPA)
(with Percy L. James) CRYSTAL GARDENS, Douglas Street at Belleville Street, 1924-25 (Const., xviii, July 1925, 228-30, illus. & descrip.; P. Berton et al, Crystal Gardens - West Coast Pleasure Palace, 1977, 66-77, illus.; M. Segger & D. Franklin, Victoria, 1979, 144-5, illus.; dwgs. at BCPA)

RESIDENTIAL

UNDERCLIFFE, ENGLAND, near Bradford, for C.J. Holhanz, c. 1890 (C.A.B., vi, March 1893, illus.)
OAK BAY, residence for the architect, Beach Drive, 1898; addition 1913; Coach House 1914 (C.A.B., xix, Oct. 1906, 146, descrip. & plate illus.; M. Segger & D. Franklin, Victoria, 1979, 302-5, illus.; S. Stark, Oak Bay's Heritage Buildings, 1986, 31-3, illus.)
ROCKLAND AVENUE, for Ernest V. Bodwell, 1899 (C.R., x, 27 Sept. 1899, 4)
ROCKLAND AVENUE, for Lyman P. Duff, 1900 (C.A.B., xix, Oct. 1906, illus.; M. Segger & D. Franklin, Victoria, 1979, 298-9, illus.)
CALGARY, ALTA., mansion for Patrick Burns, 4th Street S.W. at 13th Avenue S.W., 1901-03; demol. 1956 (Vancouver Daily World, 11 July 1900, 1, descrip.; Calgary Weekly Herald, 19 July 1900, 3; C.R., ix, 8 Aug. 1900, 3; Barrett & Liscombe, 85, illus.)
ROCKLAND AVENUE, for Alice Galletly, 1902 (M. Segger & D. Franklin, Exploring Victoria's Architecture, 1996, 170, illus.)
MOUNT BAKER AVENUE, for James H. McGregor, 1902 (Barrett & Liscombe, 108, 298, illus.)
(with Samuel Maclure) CARY CASTLE, the mansion for the Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia, Rockland Avenue, 1902-03; burned 1957 (Colonist [Victoria], 11 May 1902, 11, illus. & descrip.; C.A.B., xix, June 1906, illus.; C.H.G., iii, July 1926, 36-7, 58, illus.; P. Cotton, Vice-Regal Mansions of British Columbia, 1981, 73-4, 82-3, illus.; dwgs. at BCPA)
OAK BAY, for Albert T. Goward, Oak Bay Road, 1903 (C.R., xiv, 21 Oct. 1903, 2; S. Stark, Oak Bay's Heritage Buildings, 1986, 42, illus.)
ST. CHARLES STREET, for G.A. Kirk, 1904 (Barrett & Liscombe, 145, 301, illus.)
LINDEN AVENUE, for Mrs. Henry Clay, 1904 (Barrett & Liscombe, 143, 301, illus.)
ST. CHARLES STREET, for J. Ogden Grahame, 1906 (C.R., xvii, 8 Aug. 1906, 2, t.c.; Barrett & Liscombe, 198, illus.)
OAK BAY, mansion for Hon. Peter S. Lampman, York Place, 1907 (Colonist [Victoria], 3 Jan. 1907, 6; S. Stark, Oak Bay's Heritage Buildings, 1986, 42-3, illus.)
ESQUIMALT, for Arthur M. Coles, Wollaston Street near Esquimalt Road, 1907 (Colonist [Victoria], 3 Jan. 1907, 6; D. Field, Built Heritage in Esquimalt: An Inventory, 1984, 33-5, illus.)
VERNON, B.C., for H.W. Husband, Mayor of Vernon, 1907 (C.R., xviii, 10 July 1907, 2)
OAK BAY, for W. Curtis Sampson, Pattullo Place, c. 1908 (S. Stark, Oak Bay's Heritage Buildings, 73, illus.)
OAK BAY, for C. Dubois Mason, Prospect Place, 1908 (S. Stark, Oak's Bay's Heritage Buildings, 34, illus.)
OAK BAY, for Dr. Oswald M. Jones, Island Road, 1909 (S. Stark, Oak Bay's Heritage Buildings, 1986, 63, illus.)
OAK BAY, mansion for Robert W. Gibson, York Place, 1914; completed 1919 by Maclure & Lort (M. Segger, The Buildings of Samuel Maclure, 1986, 239-43, illus.; S. Stark, Oak Bay's Heritage Buildings, 1986, 40-1, illus.; Barrett & Liscombe, 238-40, illus.)

COMPETITIONS

LONDON, ENGLAND, Soane Medallion Competition, for the Royal Inst. of British Architects, 1890. Rattenbury was one of number of young architects who submitted plans for a "Design for a Public Day School". The jury declined to award the Medallion to any scheme, and granted three Merit awards to others. Rattenbury was not among the finalists, but his design was later published in The British Architect [London], xxxiii, 28 March 1890, 224ff, & 4 April 1890, 242-43, illus. These drawings have been reproduced in A. Barrett & R. Liscombe, Francis Rattenbury and British Columbia, 1983, 18, 20, 22-3, illus.
OXFORD, ENGLAND, Town Hall, 1892. Rattenbury assisted with the design and competition drawings sent in by the Bradford firm of Mawson & Hudson. Over 130 architects submitted plans, and the drawings by Rattenbury were "highly recommended" by the juror Thomas E. Collcutt (Vancouver Daily World, 18 March 1893, 8). However, their scheme was not included in the selection of the five finalists, and their entry was passed over in favour of the winner Henry T. Hare of London.
VANCOUVER, B.C., Masonic Temple, Granville Street, 1893. Rattenbury prepared a set of drawings for this building in Feburary 1893 (Vancouver Daily World, 13 Feb. 1893, 3). His design was not among the finalists.
OLYMPIA, WASH. State Capitol Buildings, entry in the first competititon, 1894, and entry in the second competitition, 1903. Rattenbury was among dozens of architects who sent in plans, but his entry was not premiated, and Wilder & White of New York City were later declared the winners (Vancouver Daily World, 20 March 1894, 3).
REGINA, SASK., Provincial Parliament Building, 1908. Seven architectural firms from the United States and Canada were invited to prepare designs. Rattenbury submitted a classically inspired design, but his proposal was set aside in favour of the winning scheme by E. & W.S. Maxwell of Montreal. The original drawings by Rattenbury have survived, and are now held at the Saskatchewan Archives Board in Regina. These drawings are reproduced in A. Barrett & R. Liscombe, Francis Rattenbury and British Columbia, 1983, 210-12, Fig. 6.27 - 6.34, illus.